Bylinas of the Kiev cycle include epic legends, the plot of which unfolds in or near the capital city of Kiev, and the central images are Prince Vladimir and the Russian heroes: Ilya Muromets, Dobrynya Nikitich and Alyosha Popovich. The main theme of these works is the heroic struggle of the Russian people against external enemies, nomadic tribes.
It is difficult to find in nature anything more beautiful and majestic than the sea element. Constantly changing, boundless, alluring into the distance, iridescent with different colors, sounding - it attracts and fascinates, it is gratifying to contemplate it. The image of the sea was sung by poets, artists painted the sea, the melodies and rhythms of its waves formed the musical lines of many composers.
In the Russian epic, the Novgorod cycle of epics stands apart. The basis of the stories of these legends were not the feats of arms and political events on a national scale, but cases from the life of the inhabitants of a large trading city, Veliky Novgorod. The reasons are clear: the city and the veche republic formed around it always occupied a separate place in life, and, therefore, in the culture of Russia.
We immediately warn you that it’s very difficult to answer in one article the question of what genres of music are. In the entire history of music, so many genres have accumulated that one cannot measure them with a yardstick: choral, romance, cantata, waltz, symphony, ballet, opera, prelude, etc. For more than a dozen years, musicologists "break their spears", trying to classify musical genres (by the nature of the content, by functions, for example).
What kind of music is in character? There is hardly any definitive answer to this question. The grandfather of Soviet musical pedagogy, Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky, believed that music rests on "three pillars" - this is a song, march and dance. In principle, Dmitry Borisovich was right; any melody could fall under such a classification.
Music, as the end result of mixing sounds and silence in time, conveys the emotional atmosphere, the subtle feelings of the person who wrote it. According to the works of some scholars, music has the property of influencing both the psychological and physical condition of a person. Naturally, such a piece of music has its own character, laid down by the creator either purposefully or unconsciously.
The center of any lyrical work is the feelings and experiences of a person (for example, the author or character). Even when a work describes events and objects, this description passes through the prism of the mood of the author or lyrical hero, while the epic and drama imply and require greater objectivity.
Today's post is dedicated to the topic - the main musical genres. To begin, let's define what we will consider the musical genre. After this, the genres themselves will be named, and in the end you will learn not to confuse the “genre” with other phenomena in music. So, the word "genre" has a French origin and is usually translated from this language as "species" or a genus.
What is the basis of musical and literary works, what inspires their writers? Their images, themes, motifs, plots have common roots, they are born from the reality of the surrounding world. And let music and literature find their expression in completely different language forms between them have much in common.
Often we hear beautiful hymns and songs that tell us about long-standing historical and mythical events, describe real and fictional characters. In the literary world, these works are called spiritual poems and belong to the category of oral folk art. The history of the emergence of spiritual verse dates back to the times of Kievan Rus, therefore the form of its presentation over the centuries often changed.
The charming voices of the birds could not pass by the attention of the music writers. There are many folk songs, academic music, which reflect the voices of birds. Bird singing is unusually musical: each bird species sings its own distinctive melody, which contains bright intonations, rich ornamentation, sounds in a certain rhythm, tempo, has a unique timbre, various dynamic shades and emotional coloring.
Balakirev is one of the representatives of the "Mighty Handful", a musical community that has united the most talented and progressive people of its time. The contribution of Balakirev and his companions to the development of Russian music is undeniable, many traditions and techniques of composition and performance continued their improvement in the work of the composers' galaxy of the late 19th century.
Any musical instrument has its own unique history of origin, which is very useful and interesting to know. The invention of the piano was a turning point in the musical culture of the early 18th century. Surely everyone knows that the piano - not the first keyboard instrument in the history of mankind.
You must have come across such philosophical concepts as form and content. These words are universal enough to denote the similar sides of the most different phenomena. And music is no exception. In this article you will find a review of the most popular forms of musical works. Before we name the common forms of musical works, let us decide what is the form in music?
How to go to the opera and get from this only pleasure, not disappointment? How not to fall asleep during symphony concerts, and then regret only that all this quickly ended? How do you understand music, which, at first glance, seems to be quite old-fashioned? It turns out that everyone can learn all this.
Pictures of the changing seasons, the rustling of leaves, bird voices, the splashing of waves, the murmur of a stream, thunderstorm peals - all this can be conveyed in music. Many famous composers were able to do it brilliantly: their musical works about nature became classics of the musical landscape. Natural phenomena, musical sketches of flora and fauna appear in the instrumental and piano works, vocal and choral works, and sometimes even in the form of program cycles.